Droughts are periods of low rainfall and can have a significant impact on gardens. Dry conditions can stress plants and make it difficult for them to take up water and nutrients from the soil. If your garden is located in an area that is prone to drought, there are a number of things you can do to help your plants survive during these periods.
Why would there be a drought?
There are many reasons why droughts can occur. Sometimes, they are caused by natural climatic conditions, such as El Niño and La Niña. Other times, they can be the result of human activities, such as deforestation or over-grazing.
What impact does a drought have on gardens?
Drought can have a number of impacts on gardens, including:
- Stressful conditions for plants
- Reduced growth
- Yellowing or wilting leaves
- Dying plants
What can you do to help your garden during a drought?
There are a number of things you can do to help your garden during a drought, including:
- Use mulch to help retain moisture in the soil.
- Water plants early in the day so that they have time to absorb the water before it evaporates.
- Be careful not to over-water plants. This can lead to root rot and other problems.
- Group together plants that have similar
Choose drought-tolerant plants
One of the best ways to garden during a drought is to choose plants that are tolerant of dry conditions. There are many beautiful and interesting plants that do well in low rainfall areas. When selecting plants for your garden, check the plant tags or ask your local nursery for help in choosing drought-tolerant varieties.
Mulch your garden
Mulching is another great way to help your garden survive during a drought. Mulch helps to conserve moisture in the soil by reducing evaporation. It also helps to keep the roots of plants cool and protected from the heat of the sun. Apply a layer of mulch around your plants, taking care to not pile it too thickly against the stems or leaves.
Water deeply and less often
It is better to water your plants deeply and less often, rather than shallowly and more frequently. When you do water, make sure to apply the water at the base of the plant. Wetting the leaves can promote fungal diseases. Water early in the day so that the leaves have time to dry before nightfall.
Install a drip irrigation system
Drip irrigation is an efficient way to water your plants and can help to reduce water loss through evaporation. A drip irrigation system delivers water directly to the roots of plants, where it is needed most. This type of system can be installed relatively easily and is an excellent way to reduce water use in the garden.
Monitor your plants closely
During a drought, it is important to closely monitor your plants for signs of stress. Leaves may turn yellow or brown, and flowers may wilt. If you see these signs, it is important to take action to help your plants recover.
Research your garden zone
If you are unsure about what plants will do well in your area, research your garden zone. This information can be found online or through your local cooperative extension office.
Take action to reduce water use
There are a number of things you can do to reduce water use in your garden. Water your plants early in the day so that they have time to absorb the water before it evaporates. Use mulch to help retain moisture in the soil. Be careful not to over-water plants. This can lead to root rot and other problems. Group together plants that have similar water needs.
Choose hearty plants
When selecting plants for your garden, choose hearty varieties that are tolerant of drought conditions. There are many beautiful and interesting plants that do well in low rainfall areas. When selecting plants for your garden, check the plant tags or ask your local nursery for help in choosing drought-tolerant varieties.
Inexpensive tools to help you garden in a drought
There are a number of inexpensive tools that can help you garden during a drought. These include:
- Mulch: Mulch can help to conserve moisture in the soil by reducing evaporation.
- Watering cans: Watering cans are a great way to water your plants without using too much water.
- Drip irrigation system: A drip irrigation system can help you to water your plants more efficiently.
- Garden hose: A garden hose with a trigger nozzle is an easy way to water your plants without using too much water.
- Soaker hose: Soaker hoses are a great way to water your plants without wasting water.
- Rain barrel: Collecting rainwater in a rain barrel is an excellent way to reduce water use in your garden.
- Water timer: A water timer can help you to water your plants more efficiently.
- Garden hose nozzle: A garden hose nozzle with a shut-off valve can help you to control the amount of water you use when watering your plants.
How to Harvest Plants During a Drought
If you are facing a severe drought, it may be necessary to harvest your plants early. This can help to prevent the plants from dying and preserve the food that they produce.
To harvest your plants during a drought, follow these steps:
1. Cut off any dead or dying leaves. These leaves can harbor diseases that can spread to healthy plants.
2. Cut the plant down to the ground, leaving a few inches of stem.
2. Cut the plant back to 6-12 inches. This will help the plant to conserve energy and water.
3. Harvest any fruits or vegetables that are still edible. These can be eaten fresh or preserved for later use.
4. Mulch the area around the plants to help retain moisture in the soil.
5. Water the plants deeply to help them recover from the stress of being harvested.
6. Monitor the plants closely, and water them as needed to prevent them from dying.
7. If possible, replant the area with drought-tolerant plants that can better withstand dry conditions.
By following these steps, you can harvest your plants during a drought and help them to survive.